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August 2015

Volume 1 Issue 1

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Editorial

Prolonged Abnormal Effects of Exercise in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Frank N.M. Twisk*

Exercise, especially exercise programs, has various beneficial health effects. However, in the case of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome physical exertion can induce prolonged negative effects on the patient’s condition (post-exertional “malaise”). The exacerbation of symptoms after exercise can plausibly be explained by exertion-induced abnormalities in ME/ CFS. In order to unravel the pathophysiology and to protect the patients’ from iatrogenic harm of exercise regimes, it is essential to asses and diagnoses patients objectively.

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Research Article

Intermittent Exercise is Beneficial to Obese Women Independently of Obesity Class

Ghazi Racil, Christine Lemaire, Alain-Eric Dubart, Murielle Garcin, Jérémy B. Coquart*

Regular physical exercise is widely acknowledged to have potential health benefits. The evidence suggests that it reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases, cancers and even metabolic diseases like obesity Numerous studies have thus attempted to identify the optimal exercise strategy to tackle the obesity epidemic. Based on these studies. Revised the previous recommendations of the American College of Sports Medicine. And proposed at least 150 to 250 min.wk-1 of moderate-intensity exercise to provide and maintain modest weight loss.

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Editorial

Use of Ratings of Perceived Exertion in Rehabilitation Services: Past and Present Researches

Jérémy Coquart* , Roger Eston

The concept of effort perception, introduced in the late 50’s from scales measuring local fatigue or breathlessness is an area of extensive research and has been applied in numerous sporting, pedagogical, ergonomic and clinical applications. Generally, effort perception can be defined as the intensity of subjective effort, stress, discomfort and fatigue that is felt during physical exercise.It involves the collective integration of afferent feedback from physiological stimuli (e.g., heart rate: HR, oxygen uptake: VO2, ventilation, muscular acidosis, blood glucose, body temperature) and feed-forward mechanisms to enable an individual to evaluate how hard or easy an exercise task feels at any point in time.

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 Research Article

Leg Power Asymmetry with the Onset of Fatigue – A Pilot Study

Jennifer, K. Hewit*

Non-contact lower body injuries are extremely common in sports for both males and females. Ankle sprains and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprains and tears often occur when the athlete is decelerating or completing a rapid, unplanned change of direction. When dissipating the large deceleration forces while performing a subsequent movement, the athlete may be placed in a comprising position. If the athlete is not able to maintain control throughout such movements (due to neuromuscular imbalances, coordination deficits, previous injuries, etc.) the likelihood of incurring a lower body injury is increased.

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Research Article

Effect of Passive Vaginal Electrical Stimulation and Home Pelvic Floor Muscle Training on the Stress Component of Female Urinary Incontinence

Mariane Castiglione*, Karina Tamy Kasawara, Mara de Abreu Etienne, Carla de Abreu Pereira, Antonio Pedro F. Auge

Urinary incontinence is defined as any involuntary loss of urine. Most commonly, the loss during stress situations such as coughing, sneezing, laughing or jumping, is called stress urinary incontinence (SUI). When SUI is associated with urgency symptoms it is referred to as mixed urinary incontinence (MUI), and has a high prevalence among women of all ages, but is especially common in the climacteric period.

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Research Article

Formal Exercise Curricula in Canadian Physiotherapy, Nursing, and Medical Schools

Nina Hovanec*, Anthony Vandervoort, Tom Overend

Addressing the leading risk factors of chronic disease means that approximately 80% of leading chronic diseases, such as premature heart disease, stroke, and diabetes could be prevented. Although this is well known and exercise is also recognized as a key cornerstone in chronic disease management, effective implementation of exercise within primary care continues to be a challenge.

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Editorial

Synergistic Effects of Physical and Cognitive Training in Older People

Y. Gül ÖZKAYA*

Aging is a physiological or natural process with the physical and cognitive decline with the biological age. Physical and cognitive decline decrease the quality of life, results health problems, and functional limitations in older people. However, the rate of the decline alters from person to person depends on some individual structural and neurochemical differences. There is a normative trends in the literature which suggests that physical activity improves, or ameliorates both physical and cognitive decline during healthy aging and also cognitive inpairement such as dementia, or mild cognitive impairement.

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Research Article

Analgesia with Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) During Labor

Carla Maria de Abreu Pereira*, Silvia da Silva Carramão, Mariane Castiglione, Karina Tamy Kasawara, Tsutomu Aoki

The objective of this study is to evaluate the Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation (TENS) application in reducing the pain intensity during the labor. In the period between February 2011 to December 2011, 60 pregnant women who agreed to participate in the study by signing a consent form approved by the Ethics Committee of the Maternity of the Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Sao Paulo. Women were randomized into two groups: 30 women who used TENS, and Control group: 30 women without the TENS. All women answered the visual analog scale (VAS) of pain at the beginning and during the labor.

              

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