Volume 2 Issue 2
Evaluation of Autonomic Function after Concentric and Eccentric Cycling Exercise at Different Pedalling Frequencies
Ophélie Ritter*, Alicia González Represas, Isabelle Garcia, Christopher Martyn Beaven, Nicolas Tordi, Laurent Mourot
Compared to concentric exercise, eccentric cycling is characterized by a lower cardiovascular and metabolic cost. However, its effects on the autonomic nervous system and the effects of pedalling frequency are little known. Eleven healthy subjects participated in this study. Cardiorespiratory variables were assessed during concentric and eccentric cycling performed with 3 different pedalling frequencies and post-exercise parasympathetic reactivation (heart rate recovery during the first 60 seconds of recovery and its normalized value; HRR60 and nHRR60) was studied.
Meaningful Gait Speed Improvement after Physical Therapy Intervention for Slow versus Moderate-Normal Walkers
Heather J Braden PT MPT PhD GCS*, Mansoo Ko PT PhD, Maddie Bohmfalk DPT
The purpose was to determine if absolute change occurs in gait speed for older, hospitalized adults from initial assessment to discharge and to what extent relative change occurs for slow versus moderate-normal walkers. Inpatients participated (N=137, mean 73.5±10.0 y,53 males). Two groups assigned based on post-treatment discharge gait speed obtained: <0.50m/s defined as slow walkers (N=87) and >0.50m/s defined as moderate-normal walkers (N=50). Moderate-normal walkers had initial gait speeds [0.55m/s(0.41)] statistically significantly faster than slow [0.20m/s(0.10)](U=759.5,p=0.000).
Improved Motor Proficiency in 9- to 12-year-old Obese Children after Participating in a Multidisciplinary Physical Activity Intervention
Anita Pienaar*, Dorita du Toit, Leani Truter
Childhood obesity has become a worldwide health concern reaching alarming proportions. South African children is not excluded from this rising epidemic. A review paper reporting on the prevalence of childhood obesity within the South African context concluded that the obesity problem of 15% among children does not give a true reflection of the problem as overweight and obesity differ markedly between age groups, boys and girls, ethnic groups, and geographical areas in this country
The Effects of Massage Therapy: Validation by Clinical, Laboratorial and Single Photon Emission Cerebral Tomography in Randomized Patients with Cancer Pain
Gabriela R Lauretti MD MSc PhD FIPP*, Adriana S M Ferreira, José R W Almeida MD, Euclides T Rocha MD, Rogério F Costa MD, Davi Reial MD
Recent meta-analysis indicates that massage is effective supportive therapy to relieve symptoms in patients with cancer pain. Symptoms scores for pain, fatigue, stress, anxiety, nausea and depression were substantially improved, with persisted benefits after massage therapy. Nevertheless, its efficacy and effectiveness for cancer patients lacks more detailed scientific evaluation.
Effect of Balance Training on Gait With and Without Dual-Tasks in Elderly: Randomized Clinical Trial
Paulo Ferreira dos Santos, Paola Errera Magnani, Erika Harumi Tanaka, Natalia Camargo Rodrigues, Patrícia Silva, Paulo Roberto Pereira Santiago, Renato de Moraes, Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu*
Aging is considered a heterogeneous process that affects each individual differently, and the decrease of balance control makes gait, a dynamic task, more complex. Multiple factors are responsible for these impairments, including sensory, motor and cognitive processing reductions and muscle function impairment. These factors explain the gait instability and may increase risk of falling in older adults.